Habibi, Emile

   Israeli Arab author and former Israel Communist Party member of Knesset and recipient of the Israel Prize for literature. He was born in Haifa, and from 1941 to 1943, he was cultural affairs reporter and editor of the Arabic section of Broadcasting House in Jerusalem and ran the network's cultural department. He joined the Communist Party in 1943, and when the party split into Jewish and Arab factions in 1945, he helped establish the Arab Communists' League for National Liberation. After Israel's independence, Habibi was one of the founders of the Israel Communist Party, which reunited the Jewish and Arab factions, and represented the party in the Knesset from 1952 to 1972. After leaving the Knesset, he concentrated on writing and editing the Communist Party newspaper Al-Ittihad, which he edited until 1989, when he broke with the Communist Party in the wake of the political changes in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
   Habibi was one of the most popular and well-known authors in the Middle East. He received Israel's highest cultural award, the Israel Prize, in 1992 and the Palestine Liberation Organization's Jerusalem Medal in 1990. He asserted his Arab identity but also advocated Jewish-Arab coexistence and mutual recognition between Israelis and Palestinians. He depicted the predicament of Arabs in Israel caught between Arab identity and Israeli citizenship. His most famous novel, The Opsimist, depicts the combination of optimism and pessimism that characterizes the lives of Israeli Arabs; it has been translated into many languages and staged as a play in both Arabic and Hebrew. Habibi died in Nazareth.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Habibi, Emile — ▪ 1997       Israeli Arab writer (b. Aug. 29, 1922, Haifa, Palestine [now in Israel] d. May 2, 1996, Nazareth, Israel), became one of the most popular authors in the Middle East as a result of works depicting the conflicts in loyalties… …   Universalium

  • Emile Habibi — Émile Habibi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Émile et Habibi. Émile Habibi Émile Habibi (1921 1996) ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émile Habibi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Émile et Habibi. Émile Habibi Émile Habibi (1921 1996) (إميل حبيبي …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emile Habibi — MKs Date of birth = 21 January 1922 Place of birth = Haifa, Mandate Palestine Year of Aliyah = Date of death = 2 May 1996 Place of death = Knesset(s) = 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th Party = Rakah Former parties = Maki Gov t roles = PalestiniansImil… …   Wikipedia

  • Habibi — Habib Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emile Toma — Infobox Person name = Emile Tuma image size = caption = birth date = 1919 birth place = Haifa, Palestine death date = 1985 death place = Haifa, Israel occupation = parents =Emile Toma (1919 1985), was a political historian and philosopher and… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • ARAB POPULATION — GENERAL SURVEY Under the British Mandate, 1917–48 In 1917, at the time of the British conquest of Palestine during World War I, the country s Arabic speaking population numbered less than 600,000 persons; in 1947 it was estimated at 1,200,000.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Arab citizens of Israel — Infobox Ethnic group group = Arab citizens of Israel عرب إسرائيل (العرب الإسرائيليون) rlm;ערבים אזרחי ישראל Emile Habibi • Ahmed Tibi • Salah Tarif caption = population = 1,144,000 plus270,000 in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights (2006) 19.7%… …   Wikipedia

  • PALESTINIENNE (LITTÉRATURE) — L’écriture ou la terre, tel semble être le dilemme qui se pose à nombre d’écrivains palestiniens, et tout particulièrement au plus célèbre d’entre eux, le poète Mahmoud Darwich (Ma ムm d Darwish, né en 1941). Figure emblématique de la résistance,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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